New Mexico’s largest ever wildfire is still growing. Last year the Forest Service spent one point four billion dollars fighting fires. They expect to spend that much or more this year containing these so-called “mega fires.”
Forest Ecologist Wally Covington says several factors have led up to what he calls a crisis. In the late 1800s cattle overgrazed and left the landscape bare -- so no small plants to keep fires on the ground. Also, for a long time fire was seen as the enemy so forests grew thick.
Add in severe drought, warmer temperatures and high winds and Covington says you have an explosive situation.
"You can’t buy enough fire equipment, you can’t hire enough firefighters when you have the landscape so loaded with fuel as we’ve got it today," he said. .
Fire managers think about things like air pollution, water supply and saving homes when calculating the risks of fighting a blaze.
Tom Harbour is the Forest Service Director. He says there’s an art and science to making these tough decisions.
"Sometimes the accumulation of those decisions will run into tens of millions of dollars on some of these large complex fires and sometimes the accumulation of those decisions will be next to nothing if we’re in a wilderness situation," Harbour said.
But more and more people are moving to the woods. So often times fire managers draw a map, and on one side they suppress a blaze where there’s a community nearby. And on the other side they may let it burn into a rocky ridge where it puts itself out.